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The Optometrist and Red Eyes


The eyes are one of the most important sensory organs in our body, but they are also susceptible to various conditions. Redness in the eyes is a common problem that can be caused by various factors such as infections, allergies, dryness, and inflammation. Here are some of the most common red eye conditions and their treatments that we can provide at Milburn & Neill Optometrists:

  1. Conjunctivitis: Also known as "pink eye," conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, a thin membrane that covers the white part of the eye. This condition is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection, although allergies and irritants can also cause it. Symptoms of conjunctivitis include redness, itching, tearing, and discharge. Treatment for conjunctivitis depends on the cause and may include antibiotic eye drops or antihistamines.

  2. Dry eye syndrome: This is a common condition in which the eyes do not produce enough tears or the tears evaporate too quickly. This can cause discomfort, redness, and a feeling of grittiness in the eyes. Treatment for dry eye syndrome may include eye drops, warm compresses, prescription medications, scleral lenses or bandage contact lenses and membranes. Intense Pulse light therapy is also proven to assist.

  3. Blepharitis: This is a chronic condition in which the eyelids become inflamed, leading to redness, itching, and crusting around the eyelashes. Blepharitis can be caused by bacteria or a malfunction of the oil glands in the eyelids. Treatment may include warm compresses, eyelid scrubs, and antibiotic ointments or tablets. Blepharitis often is associated with Dry eye syndrome.

  4. Subconjunctival hemorrhage: This condition occurs when a blood vessel in the eye breaks, causing a red spot to appear on the white of the eye. Subconjunctival hemorrhages are usually painless and do not affect vision. They typically resolve on their own within a few weeks.

  5. Uveitis: Uveitis is an inflammation of the uvea, the middle layer of the eye that contains blood vessels. This condition can be caused by infection, injury, or an autoimmune disorder. Symptoms of uveitis include redness, pain, and blurred vision. Treatment may include steroid eye drops, oral medications, or surgery. A dilated fundus examination is recommended to exclude involvement of the posterior segment.


In conclusion, there are various causes of red eyes, and treatment depends on the underlying condition. If you experience redness, pain, or changes in vision, it is important to phone to arrange an urgent appointment with Milburn & Neill Optometrists on 03 4777666 or for a proper diagnosis and treatment.




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